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APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references.

APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references.

More Help with APA

Updated: January 2019 to make certain consistency for students, modifications to citation examples are created only between semesters.

Why do we must anyway cite?

  • You give credit to your original authors/sources of data and avoid plagiarism
  • Your readers can easily access your original sources
  • You add credibility to your assignments and help prove your arguments.

Colleges/Universities, subject matter and professions select and make use of a standard approach to citation. Be sure to consult your Professor on what way to use.

If you were to think about any of it, a lot of the information that goes in a paper or article could be organized into three groups: “common knowledge” “my ideas”, and “other people’s ideas”. By understanding these combined groups, we could realise why citations matter inside our work.

Let’s start with common knowledge, which consist of well established and reliable facts. As an example, George Washington being the US that is first president an existing fact present in many different reliable sources. Per year having 365 days can be considered knowledge that is common.

Next, let’s consider “my ideas”. This group comprises of your personal thoughts, opinions, conclusions, and analysis of the topic. It would also fall into this category if you are conducting your own original research.

And lastly, there are various other people’s ideas – and these deserve care that is special. As soon as we research a topic, we’re likely to get and borrow information that is helpful discoveries that came from the work of specific individuals or organizations whose work was published in reputable books, journals, articles and websites. “Other people’s ideas” also include quotes off their writing that support or debate points that you’re making. A paper or project can include all three types of information.

While common knowledge along with your ideas don’t usually need special treatment, when other people’s ideas are included in your paper, readers do must know. This is often through with citations. Using citations shows you’re responsible. You’ve done the research, given credit towards the people that are right provided your reader with resources for more learning and avoided plagiarism.

A citation comprises of two parts that really work together. These are the in-text citation and full citations. Here’s how they work…

When you use someone ideas that are else’s the reader has to know, but adding the required information to the middle of the paper would be annoying and hard to see.

So, we require a way that is quick indicate when a section is dependent on someone else’s ideas. This is done with an in-text citation. It’s a notification that is brief the body associated with the text that specific words, ideas, figures, or images were obtained from other sources. These point your reader towards the second part of a citation–the full citation–which can be found either at end for the paper or at the end of this page. In this manner, the written text remains readable and it’s clear if you use other people’s’ ideas.

Often, full citations have got all the information and knowledge necessary to find the publication that is original. These generally include author names, titles of books or journals, publishers, publication dates, page numbers and much more.

Let’s look at two ways that are common cite your sources in a paper: Imagine that you utilize a notion from a novel in your paper and want to cite it.

An in-text citation could might are the author’s last name and year published, author’s last name and page number, or just a number. These connect the reader to your citation that is full which might be in a bibliography at the conclusion of the paper, or in a footnote in the bottom of this page.

Using citations is a component to be a student that is responsible researcher, however it’s also a site to others. They acknowledge the people whose work helped establish what is known about the world and provides a means for your readers to dive even deeper into your subject.

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